Early post-operative results after repair of traumatic brachial plexus palsy.

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Early post-operative results after repair of traumatic brachial plexus palsy.

Turk Neurosurg. 2013;23(1):1-9

Authors: Mohammad-Reda A

Abstract
AIM: Treatment options for traumatic brachial plexus injuries include nerve grafting, or neurotization. The type of lesion and the reconstructive procedures affect functional results and postoperative pain relief. MATERIAL and
METHODS: A total number of twenty five patients suffering from post-traumatic brachial plexus injury were included in the study. The patients underwent exploration and primary repair of the affected plexus, based on case by case policy.
RESULTS: Spinal accessory nerve transfer to suprascapular nerve procedure regained 78.95% of functional muscle power, 10.50% of non functional muscle power and only 10.5 % of non innervated muscle. The Oberlin procedure regained 83.33% with elbow flexion muscle power, 16.67% with non functional muscle power. Intercostal nerve transfer to musculocutaneous nerve regained 62.5% with functional muscle power, 25% with non functional muscle power and only 12.5 % with non innervated muscle. The shoulder, elbow and wrist extension functions were significantly improved early post-operatively. In addition, the post-operative improvement of shoulder, elbow and wrist extension functions had significant negative correlations with the pre-operative elapsed time, and accompanied by a significant positive correlation with post-operative follow up period.
CONCLUSION: Early intervention for traumatic brachial plexus palsy is recommended to get good results with pain relief.

PMID: 23344860 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]